The British installed Gowri Vallabh Periya Uday as Zamindar of Sivaganga. Finally in 1795, a British Collector was appointed to administer the territory of Ramanathapuram district by carving out portions from Madurai and Tirunelveli Districts and Madurai as the Head Quarters of this district till 1985, when it was trifurcated. Perhaps, the old Ramanathapuram district was the biggest district in Tamilnadu. Pasumpon Muthuramalingam District came into existence on 15.3.1985, consequent on the Trifurcation of Ramanathapuram District. This District is a backward region from the point of view of agriculture, industry and general Economic conditions of the people, mainly due to the feudalistic and rural background of the area. Several parts of this district are frequently by drought. However, there is a gradual improvement in this district in the sphere of industry. Sivaganga district is in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located at a distance of 48 km (30 mi) from Madurai and 449 km (279 mi) from the state capital Chennai.Sivagangai comes under the Sivaganga assembly constituency which elects a member to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly once every five years and it is a part of the Sivaganga constituency which elects its Member of Parliament (MP) once in five years.Roadways are the major mode of transportation to the town and it also has rail connectivity. The nearest seaport, Thoothukudi Port, is located 189 km (117 mi) from Sivaganga, while the nearest airport, Madurai International Airport, is located 53 km (33 mi) from the town. ECONOMY Graphite is one of the common resources in Sivaganga.
Very valuable graphite is available in Sivagangai and its surrounding areas.The Sivaganga graphite is of flaky variety with 14% average Fixed Carbon used in the manufacture of refractory bricks, expanded graphite, crucibles and carbon brushes. TAMIN has over 600 acres of graphite bearing land in Pudupatti, Kumaripatti and Senthiudayanathapuram of Sivaganga taluk, Sivagangai District, Tamil Nadu. The majority of the workforce is dependent on agriculture (72.8%). The principal crop of Sivaganga district is paddy rice. Most of the district has red soil. The other crops grown are sugarcane, groundnuts, pulses, millet and cereals. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University plans to set up the State's first Red Soil Dryland Research Centre in Sivaganga district. Sakthi sugar factory is also located in Padamathur, Sivaganga. It has the capacity to produce more than 5000 tons of sugar per day. It provides employment to more than 1000 labourers, directly and indirectly. Moser Baer Clean Energy Limited has commissioned a 5 MW grid connected solar PV project at Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu. The project was awarded to Sapphire Industrial Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of MBCEL, through a competitive bidding process conducted by the Tamil Nadu Renewable Development Agency. The project is implemented under the 50 MWp generation based incentive scheme of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India.